What’s the Difference Between a CNA and MA?

Many people want to start a career in the healthcare field, and for a good reason. The healthcare industry continues to grow rapidly, and the variety of jobs available is expanding as well. Working in healthcare also gives you the chance to help people and make a difference in their lives when they need it most.

There are so many opportunities to begin a healthcare career that it can be confusing to try and figure it out on your own. With this in mind, we’re going to help by explaining the difference between a certified nursing assistant and a medical assistant.

Career Outlook


The career outlook for medical assistants is promising. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the projected growth rate for medical assistants in the United States from 2019-2029 is 19%, well above the 4% average growth rate for all occupations. This means that there will be even more medical assistants needed in the future, and employers will need qualified people to fill these positions.

For certified nursing assistants in the United States, the BLS estimates that the growth rate will be 8% between 2019 and 2029. This is still more than the average rate of 4% but not anywhere near as high as the growth rate for medical assistants.

Skills Required

Medical assistants perform various duties while on the job, including both clinical and administrative tasks that focus on assessing patients and helping doctors with patient care and treatment. Skills a medical assistant needs to learn include taking vital signs, helping with examinations, giving injections, preparing lab tests, and handling patient information.

At United, medical assisting students have the opportunity to practice their hands-on skills in a real healthcare setting as part of an externship. This real-world experience sets students up for success as they begin applying for jobs and start their careers.

Certified nursing assistants focus more on direct patient care and help with daily living activities. Performing baths and cleaning patients, helping patients get dressed and use the bathroom, moving patients between beds and wheelchairs, feeding patients, and changing linens are all common necessary skills of certified nursing assistants.

Training Needed

To start a career in medical assisting, you will need specialized training that prepares you for this specific job. Most medical assisting degree programs can be completed in under two years and include classroom instruction and hands-on skills. It’s also a good idea to choose a medical assistant program that includes preparation for professional certifications, as many employers prefer candidates who have these credentials.

For example, in our Medical Assisting program here at United, students learn valuable knowledge and practice their hands-on skills in their medical assisting classes, labs, and externship. Students also prepare for healthcare certifications specific to being a medical assistant, including the National Certified Clinical Medical Assistant*, Certified EKG Technician**, and Certified Phlebotomy Technician** certifications.

To become a certified nursing assistant, specialized training is required for this career path, and it is usually completed in under six months. The training must be state-approved and typically teaches direct patient care, patient safety, and documentation. CNAs must also pass a competency exam and complete a number of hours of hands-on clinical training, which varies by state.

Work Environment

According to BLS data, medical assistants are most likely to work in physician’s offices, with 57% employed there in 2019. Another 15% is working in hospitals, and the rest in outpatient care centers and at chiropractors. Most medical assistants are full-time employees with 40-hour workweeks. Medical assisting professionals who work in medical facilities that are always open, like hospitals, may work evenings, weekends, and holidays.

According to the BLS, certified nursing assistants are more likely to work in nursing care facilities, with 37% working there, and hospitals, with 27% working there. The remainder of nursing assistants work in retirement and assisted living facilities, home healthcare services, and government. The job duties are more physically demanding and strenuous, as CNAs are on their feet a lot of the time and expected to lift over 50 pounds. Most certified nursing assistants work full time, but some work part-time. They may work longer shifts and more on nights, weekends, and holidays.

Get Started

Now you know the difference between medical assistants and certified nursing assistants! If you’ve decided to go with medical assisting for your career, we may have the perfect Medical Assisting program for you. With hands-on training, academic support, and career services, we can help you reach your career goals. Request information today to get started!

 

*Certification is contingent upon passing the corresponding industry certification exam. Required/included in tuition/fees.

*Certification is contingent upon passing the corresponding industry certification exam. Optional at own expense.

Tammy Kerner – Staff Highlight

United Career Institute Mt. Braddock is excited to introduce you to our Front Office Manager/Registrar, Tammy Kerner! Tammy started at United in August of 2020 and has quickly become a very valued member of our team!

Tammy’s background is in business administration and she has spent the majority of her career working in the administrative side of offices. “Most of my career I’ve worked in an office environment, working administrative roles. I worked at the Herald Standard Newspaper for 12 years. I managed the store accounts. I worked at BAE systems for 13 years. I was promoted to three different positions while employed there. I started at the front desk with administrative duties. I worked with the material team as their assistant. My last position I held there was in procurement.”

If you were to ask Tammy what she does in a day, the list would go on and on because her responsibilities are varied. Among other things, she is in charge of greeting and checking in students and guests, overseeing attendance submissions, and processing and sending student transcripts. She is also always willing to lend a helping hand for student events, fundraisers, or staff events. This variety keeps her motivated and challenged each day and is part of why she enjoys working at United. “I love variety, and this position offers changes to my everyday workload,” Tammy said.

Some of Tammy’s favorite parts of working at United include working with the staff and talking with the students each morning. She loves to see the students excel and grow! Tammy feels the same way about her passions outside of work. She is very involved with her church, specifically the music team. She is very motivated by her team. “I love watching them learn new music and grow in their talent,” she says.

Tammy’s family is very special to her. When asked what she is most proud of, Tammy said, “My son and daughter, and how they have exceeded in their jobs and how hard they work to achieve their goals.” While Tammy enjoys her work, she hopes to one day retire to spend time with her kids and two grandkids who call her BB.

It is clear that Tammy is passionate about her family and her music team. When asked to share something that others may not know about her, she said, “I love music. I’m a musician and worship leader at my church. I have two grandchildren. They call me BB. I have a passion for helping others when in need.” Tammy’s desire to help people is clear to anybody who interacts with her at United. She is always willing to jump in and help out whenever needed and is always available should a student need something, whether it be copies of something or just an encouraging word! United Career Institute is lucky to have her!

To learn more about the staff at United Career Institute, request information here!